Sources and references

I have made use of three book-length studies of glam rock, written by an academic, a music journalist and a historian respectively:

Philip Auslander (2006) Performing Glam Rock: Gender and Theatricality in Popular Music (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press)

Simon Reynolds (2016) Shock and Awe: Glam Rock and its Legacies (London: Faber and Faber)

Alwyn Turner (2013) Glam Rock: Dandies in the Underworld (London: V+A Publishing)


Useful popular histories of the period can be found in:

Andy Beckett (2009) When the Lights Went Out: What Really Happened to Britain in the Seventies (London: Faber and Faber)

Dominic Sandbrook (2006) White Heat: A History of Britain in the Swinging Sixties (London: Abacus)


Specific references:

Will Brooker’s Bowie project is described here: His book Forever Stardust: David Bowie Across the Universe was published by I.B. Tauris (London) in early 2017.

Statistics on the circulation of teenage magazines come from Taylor and Wall, below.

David Bowie’s line on Christopher Isherwood is taken from Alwyn Turner (above), page 10; while the discussion of Bowie’s ‘bisexuality’ relies on Simon Reynolds (above).

The pathology of Justin Bieber fans is discussed in ‘Inside the Brains of Bieber Fans’, Wall Street Journal, 26th June 2012,


Other written sources used or cited:

Anderson, Tonya (2012) ‘Still kissing their posters goodnight: female fandom and the politics of popular music’, Participations 9(2): 239-264

Baker, Sarah (2001) ‘”Rock on, baby!” Pre-teen girls and popular music’, Continuum, 15(3): 359-371

Cavicchi, Daniel (2007) ‘Loving Music: Listeners, Entertainments, and the Origins of Music Fandom in Nineteenth-Century America’, in J. Gray, C. Sandvoss and C.L. Harrington (eds.) Fandom: Identities and Communities in a Mediated World (New York: New York University Press)

Cleto, Fabio (ed.) (1999) Camp: Queer Aesthetics and the Performing Subject (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press)

Coates, Norma (2003) ‘Teenyboppers, Groupies, and Other Grotesques: Girls and Women and Rock Culture in the 1960s and early 1970s’ Journal of Popular Music Studies 15(1): 65-94

Ehrenreich, Barbara, Hess, Elizabeth and Jacobs, Gloria (1992/1997) ‘Beatlemania: a Sexually Defiant Subculture?’ in Ken Gelder and Sarah Thornton (eds.) The Subcultures Reader (London: Routledge)

Fryer, Paul (1997) ‘”Everybody’s on Top of the Pops”: popular music on British television, 1960-1985’, Popular Music and Society 21(3): 153-171

Gregory, Georgina (2002) ‘Masculinity, Sexuality and the Visual Culture of Glam Rock’, Culture and Communication 5(2): 35-60

Hebdige, Dick (1979) Subculture: The Meaning of Style (London: Methuen)

Kearney, Mary Celeste (2007) ‘Productive spaces: girls’ bedrooms as sites of cultural production’, Journal of Children and Media, 1(2): 126-141

Mallan, Kerry and McGillis, Roderick (2005) ‘Between a Frock and Hard Place: Camp Aesthetics and Children’s Culture’, Canadian Review of American Studies 35(1): 1-1

McRobbie, Angela (1981) ‘Just like a Jackie story’, in Angela McRobbie and Trisha McCabe (eds.) Feminism for Girls: An Adventure Story (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul)

McRobbie, Angela and Garber, Jenny (1975) ‘Girls and subcultures: an exploration’, in S. Hall and T. Jefferson (eds.) Resistance Through Rituals: Youth Subcultures in Post-War Britain (London: Hutchinson) – republished in altered form as a chapter in Angela McRobbie Feminism and Youth Culture (London: Macmillan, 1991)

Rohr, Nicolette (2017) ‘Yeah yeah yeah: the Sixties screamscape of Beatlemania’, Journal of Popular Music Studies 29: 1-13

Ross, Andrew (1989) No Respect: Intellectuals and Popular Culture (New York: Routledge)

Sontag, Susan (1964) ‘Notes on Camp’, in Against Interpretation (New York: Farrar, Strauss and Giroux, 1966)

Stratton, Jon (1986) ‘Why doesn’t anybody write anything about glam rock?’ Australian Journal of Cultural Studies 4(1) 

Taylor, Ian and Wall, David (1976) ‘Beyond the skinheads: comments on the emergence and significance of the glamrock cult’, in G. Mungham and G. Pearson (eds.) Working Class Youth Culture (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul)

Turnbull, Sue (1993) ‘Accounting for taste: the moral and aesthetic dimensions of media practices’, Melbourne Studies in Education 34(1): 95-106

Wald, Gayle (2002) ‘”I Want It That Way”: teenybopper music and the girling of boy bands’, Genders 35,


Other media sources:

Glam Rock at the BBC. Compilation from Top of the Pops 1972-77 (BBC Four, 16th September 2017, and on rotation)

Todd Haynes (director) Velvet Goldmine (Zenith/Killer Films, 1998)

Jeremy Marre (director) Marc Bolan: Cosmic Dancer (BBC4, 16th September 2017)

Ken Russell (director) Lisztomania (Warner Brothers, 1975)

Stuff Mom Never Told You (podcast episode) ‘Teenyboppers: From Musicomaniacs to Beliebers’, posted 7th Jan 2015,