Sources and references

Cross-references to other essays in this series are starting to appear! I discussed the ‘juvenile delinquent’ movies in the essay ‘Troubling Teenagers’:

I also considered the British movies Expresso Bongo and Beat Girl, and the wider context of youth culture in the UK at the end of the 1950s, in my essay on the ‘British beatniks’:

There is also some discussion of teenage girl fandom in my essay on glam rock:


Accounts of the wider context of pop film can be found in:

Doherty, Thomas (2002) Teenagers and Teenpics: The Juvenilization of American Movies in the 1950s Revised edition (Philadelphia: Temple University Press): Chapter 4

Andy Medhurst (1995) ‘It sort of happened here: the strange life of the British pop film’, in Jonathan Romney and Adrian Wootton (eds.) Celluloid Jukebox: Popular Music and the Movies Since the 1950s London: British Film Institute


There are two very useful book-length studies of pop films, both British:

Stephen Glynn’s The British Pop Music Film: The Beatles and Beyond (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2013) provides very detailed analyses of several of the films I discuss here, as well as a wider historical survey of UK-produced movies.

Andrew Caine’s Interpreting Rock Movies (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2004) focuses on the critical reception of pop films (both British and American) in the UK, in the context of wider debates about cultural value and ‘Americanisation’.


On specific films and performers, I have also made use of:

Donnelly, K.J. (1998) ‘The perpetual busman’s holiday: Sir Cliff Richard and British pop musicals’, Journal of Popular Film and Television 25:4, 146-154

Glynn, Stephen (2005) A Hard Day’s Night Turner Classic Movies (London: I.B. Tauris)

Mills, Peter (2016) The Monkees, Head and the 60s London: Jawbone Press

Muncie, John, (2000) ‘The Beatles and the spectacle of youth’, in I. Inglis (ed.) The Beatles, Popular Music and Society (New York: St. Martin’s Press)

Neaverson, Bob (2000) ‘Tell me what you see; the influence and impact of the Beatles’ movies’, in Inglis, as above

Neibaur, James (2014) The Elvis Movies (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield)

Rafelson, Bob (2010) Interview on Head and the Monkees for the Criterion Collection, at:

Ramaeker, Paul B. (2001) ‘”You think they call us plastic now…”: the Monkees and Head’, in Pamela Robertson Wojcik and Arthur Knight (eds.) Soundtrack Available: Essays on Film and Popular Music (Durham, NC: Duke University Press)

Reiter, Roland (2008) The Beatles on Film: Analysis of Movies, Documentaries, Spoofs and Cartoons (Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag)

Womack, Kenneth and Davis, F. Todd (2006) ‘Mythology, remythology and demythology: the Beatles on film’, in Womack and Davies (eds.) Reading the Beatles (Albany, NY: SUNY Press)


I also refer to:

Ehrenreich, Barbara, Hess, Elizabeth and Jacobs, Gloria (1992/1997) ‘Beatlemania: a sexually defiant subculture?’ in Ken Gelder and Sarah Thornton (eds.) The Subcultures Reader (London, Routledge)

Hebdige, Dick (1979) Subculture: The Meaning of Style (London: Methuen)


David Buckingham

October 2019